GBRCニューズレター No.242

Global Business Research Center Newsletter
GBRCニューズレター No.242  2007年1月8日号 (毎週月曜日発行)


☆GBRCニュース 福岡大学との間で無料購読サイト・ライセンス契約

☆GBRCニュース Annals of Business Administrative Science, Vol.5発行!!

☆GBRCニュース 福岡大学との間で無料購読サイト・ライセンス契約




☆GBRCニュース Annals of Business Administrative Science, Vol.5発行!!

Annals of Business Administrative Science, Vol.5が発行されました。


Nakagawa, K. pp. 1-18
"How do firms compete when faced with architectural changes?:
Lessons from the optical storage media industry"

This study explores how firms respond to changes in product or process 
architecture. Product or process architecture is the design rules of a 
system which can be described as the pattern of interrelations between 
components. Firms must prepare adequate knowledge in a specific 
architectural condition, so changes of architecture cause serious 
managerial problems for firms, called modularity traps (or integrity 
traps). A case study of the optical storage media industry gives some 
hints for overcoming such traps. First, firms have to alter their 
strategies and business domains when architectural conditions are 
changing. That is, in a modularity condition firms have to specialize, 
and in an integrity condition firms have to coordinate some activities.
Second, and more importantly, firms have to retain their component and 
system knowledge, in order to maintain competitiveness both in 
specialized activities and in integrated activities.

Keywords: product architecture, modularity trap, architectural 
knowledge, vertical integration, optical storage media, CD, DVD

Takai, A. pp. 19-40
"Competition and the formation of inter-firm differentiation following 
the dominant perception: 
A case study of the online securities industry"

In this paper, in order to answer the question: "In an industry where 
imitation by competitors is easy, how has differentiation between 
companies been created and maintained?" we provide a new framework, 
based on the Dynamic Capability-Based View of the Firm and Action 
System Theory. On the basis of this framework, we analyze the early 
stages of competition in the online securities industry in Japan. We 
found that when a Dominant Perception created in an industry is 
strengthened by the actions of companies, the strategy of a successful 
company may not be imitated for several years and consequently that an 
expansion in differentiation between companies may occur.

Keywords: online securities industry, internet business, innovation, 
dynamic capability-based view of the firm, action system theory

Miyazoe, K. pp. 41-66
"Transfer of knowledge related to the management of department stores:
research based on the "Buyers Manual" and "MD Notes" in Japan"

Academic and business literature in Japan on merchandising, a core 
capability in the management of department stores, describe the "Buyers 
Manual" edited by the National Retail Merchants Association. This 
manual was introduced into department stores in Japan, as the nation 
was recovering after World War II. Among Japanese department stores, 
Isetan tried to transplant the knowledge presented in this manual by 
re-editing it into an in-house document entitled "Merchandising (MD) 
Notes." Subsequently, both of these sets of knowledge materials were 
transferred to multiple department stores when top Isetan managers 
left the company to join competitors. Focusing on these knowledge 
materials, the author analyzes the transfer of knowledge in the 
department store industry.

Keywords: knowledge transfer, merchandising knowledge, transfer from 
abroad, transfer within the industry

Yasumoto, M. pp. 67-98
"Reconsidering novel technology introduction strategies:
Impacts of technology, design, and market attributes on 118 Japanese 
product development projects"

This study reconsiders product development strategies for the 
introduction of advanced technologies into new products. The 
exploitation and exploration of novel technologies in product 
development are critical issues for manufacturing firms. Yet, thus 
far, the concept and determinants of novel technology introduction 
strategies have often been blurred. Drawing on 118 successful Japanese 
assembly product development projects, this study attempts to elaborate 
the concept of novel technology introduction strategies and explores 
the effects of other determinants on the strategies. The study finds 
two alternative novel technology introduction strategies: technology 
integration and separated technology development. The results 
demonstrate that successful projects exploit either of these strategies 
according to knowledge regarding product designs and/or customer/market 
needs as well as technological uncertainty. The findings of this study 
should help firms contrive to develop novel technology introduction 
strategies at the project level, as well as multiproject strategies at 
the business level.

Keywords: technology integration, separated technology development, 
product attributes

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発行周期: 週刊 最新号:  2019/02/18 部数:  1,027部



発行周期:  週刊 最新号:  2019/02/18 部数:  1,027部